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Main » 2011 » May » 10 » Five Tips For Removing Viruses And Spyware From Client Machines
Five Tips For Removing Viruses And Spyware From Client Machines
By Erik Eckel
It's inevitable that clients will infect workstations, PCs, and laptops with spyware and viruses.
Regardless of preventive steps, from gateway protection to automated scans to written Internet use
policies, malware threats sneak through even layered defenses. What makes the situation worse is that
many clients aren't willing to invest in standalone anti-spyware software, even though they understand
the need for minimal antivirus protection.
Some IT professionals advocate simply wiping systems and reinstalling Windows, while others suggest
that's akin to giving up and letting the bad guys win. The truth lies somewhere in between. After
making an image copy of the drive (it's always best to have a fallback option when battling malicious
infections), here are the measures I find most effective.
1: Isolate the drive
Many rootkit and Trojan threats are masters of disguise that hide from the operating system as soon as
or before Windows starts. I find that even the best antivirus and antispyware tools -- including AVG
Anti-Virus Professional, Malwarebytes Anti-Malware, and SuperAntiSpyware -- sometimes struggle to
remove such entrenched infections.
You need systems dedicated to removal. Pull the hard disk from the offending system, slave it to the
dedicated test machine, and run multiple virus and spyware scans against the entire slaved drive.
2: Remove temporary files
While the drive is still slaved, browse to all users' temporary files. These are typically found within the
C:\Documents and Settings\Username\Local Settings\Temp directory within Windows XP or the
C:\Users\Username\App Data\Local\Temp folder within Windows Vista.
Delete everything within the temporary folders. Many threats hide there seeking to regenerate upon
system startup. With the drive still slaved, it's much easier to eliminate these offending files.
3: Return the drive and repeat those scans
Once you run a complete antivirus scan and execute two full antispyware scans using two current,
recently updated and different anti-spyware applications (removing all found infections), return the
hard disk to the system. Then, run the same scans again.
Despite the scans and previous sanitization, you may be surprised at the number of remaining active
infections the anti-malware applications subsequently find and remove. Only by performing these
additional native scans can you be sure you've done what you can to locate and remove known
threats.Five tips for removing viruses and spyware from client machines
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4: Test the system
When you finish the previous three steps, it's tempting to think a system is good to go. Don't make that
mistake. Boot it up, open the Web browser, and immediately delete all offline files and cookies. Next,
go to the Internet Explorer Connection settings (Tools | Internet Options and select the Connections
tab within Internet Explorer) to confirm that a malicious program didn't change a system's default
proxy or LAN connection settings. Correct any issues you find and ensure settings match those required
on your network or the client's network.
Then, visit 12 to 15 random sites. Look for any anomalies, including the obvious popup windows,
redirected Web searches, hijacked home pages, and similar frustrations. Don't consider the machine
cleaned until you can open Google, Yahoo, and other search engines and complete searches on a string
of a half-dozen terms. Be sure to test the system's ability to reach popular anti-malware Web sites,
such as AVG, Symantec, and Malwarebytes.
5: Dig deeper on remaining infections
If any infection remnants persist, such as redirected searches or blocked access to specific Web sites,
try determining the filename for the active process causing the trouble. Trend Micro's HijackThis, Microsoft's
Process Explorer, and Windows' native Microsoft System Configuration Utility (Start | Run and type msconfig)
are excellent utilities for helping locate offending processes. If necessary, search the registry for an
offending executable and remove all incidents. Then, reboot the system and try again.
If a system still proves corrupt or unusable, it's time to begin thinking about a reinstall. If an infection
persists after all these steps, you're likely in a losing battle.
Some IT consultants swear by fancier tricks than what I've outlined above. I've investigated KNOPPIX as
one alternative. And I've had a few occasions in the field where I've slaved infected Windows drives to
my Macintosh laptop to delete particularly obstinate files in the absence of a boot disk. Other
technicians recommend leveraging such tools as Reimage, although I've experienced difficulty getting
the utility to even recognize common NICs, without which the automated repair tool can't work.
What methods do you recommend for removing viruses and spyware from clients' machines? Post
your suggestions in the discussion below.
Related TechRepublic resources
10 ways to avoid viruses and spyware
10 ways to avoid IT security breaches
10 faces of computer malware
E-mail links and attachments: Help stop malware from spreading
Virus & Spyware Removal Checklist
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